Your Complete Guide on How to Get a CDL in Texas: Requirements, Costs, and Tips

Your Complete Guide on How to Get a CDL in Texas: Requirements, Costs, and Tips

Thinking about hitting the open road as a professional truck driver in Texas? Getting your Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) is the first step to making that dream a reality. Whether you’re eyeing a career in long-haul trucking or local deliveries, the process might seem daunting at first.

Key Takeaways

  • Understand CDL Types: Texas offers three classes of CDLs (A, B, and C), each with specific requirements based on vehicle type and weight.
  • Meet Eligibility Criteria: Ensure you meet age, residency, driver’s license, medical examination, and driving record criteria for obtaining a CDL.
  • Complete Required Training: Enroll in a Texas DPS-approved entry-level driver training (ELDT) program to gain necessary skills and knowledge.
  • Pass CDL Exams: Successfully navigate both the knowledge and skills tests, covering general driving knowledge, air brakes, and practical driving maneuvers.
  • Submit Documentation: Provide necessary documents such as identity proof, medical examiner’s certificate, and ELDT completion certificate to the Texas DPS.
  • Plan for Costs and Time: Be prepared for financial and time commitments, including fees for permits, tests, and training programs, as well as renewal and maintenance requirements.

Understanding CDL Requirements in Texas

Types of CDLs Available

In Texas, there are three main types of CDLs: Class A, Class B, and Class C.

  1. Class A CDL: Required for operating vehicles with a gross combination weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 pounds or more, including a towed unit exceeding 10,000 pounds. Examples include tractor-trailers and livestock carriers.
  2. Class B CDL: Necessary for vehicles with a GCWR of 26,001 pounds or more but towing a vehicle not exceeding 10,000 pounds. Examples include straight trucks and large buses.
  3. Class C CDL: Designed for vehicles not meeting Class A or B definitions but used to transport 16 or more passengers or hazardous materials. Examples include small passenger vans and vehicles carrying hazardous waste.

Basic Eligibility Criteria

To qualify for a CDL in Texas, you must meet specific basic criteria.

  1. Age Requirement: You must be at least 18 years old to drive intrastate (within Texas) and 21 years old for interstate (across state lines) driving or transporting hazardous materials.
  2. Residency: You need to be a legal resident of Texas. Temporary visitors and non-residents are ineligible.
  3. Driver’s License: Hold a valid Texas driver’s license. You should have a clean driving record without suspensions or disqualifications.
  4. Medical Examination: Undergo a medical examination by a certified medical examiner. Submit a Medical Examiner’s Certificate (Form MCSA-5876) to the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS).
  5. Knowledge Tests: Pass the required CDL knowledge tests covering general knowledge, air brakes, and other endorsements relevant to your CDL class.
  6. Skills Test: Complete and pass the CDL skills test, which includes pre-trip inspection, basic control skills, and on-road driving.

These criteria ensure that you’ll be prepared and legally eligible to obtain your CDL in Texas.

Steps to Obtain a CDL in Texas

Steps to Obtain a CDL in Texas

Completing CDL Education and Training

Enroll in a CDL education program to gain the necessary skills. Many community colleges and private truck driving schools offer courses. Programs typically include classroom instruction, driving practice, and safety training. The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) requires completion of an entry-level driver training (ELDT) program approved by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).

Passing the CDL Exams

Schedule and pass the required CDL exams. The exams consist of a knowledge test and a skills test. The knowledge test covers topics such as traffic laws, vehicle operation, and safety regulations. According to the Texas DPS, a minimum score of 80% is needed to pass. The skills test includes a pre-trip inspection, basic vehicle control, and on-road driving. You must bring a vehicle appropriate for the class of license you are applying for during the skills test.

Submitting Necessary Documentation

Submit all necessary documentation to the Texas DPS. Documents include proof of identity (e.g., birth certificate or passport), Social Security card, current Texas driver’s license, and proof of residency. Also, provide a Medical Examiner’s Certificate (Form MCSA-5876) from a licensed medical examiner ensuring you meet federal medical standards. Additionally, you need to submit your ELDT certificate from the training provider. Check the Texas DPS website for any additional documents or forms required.

Preparing for the CDL Exams

Preparing for the CDL Exams

Study Tips and Resources

Focus on key study materials to pass the CDL knowledge test. Use the Texas CDL Handbook as your primary resource since it includes rules, regulations, and information specific to Texas. Take advantage of online practice tests to familiarize yourself with the format and types of questions on the exam. Consider enrolling in a CDL education program offering both classroom instruction and practical training, which provides comprehensive coverage of the exam content. Engage in regular study sessions and review each section thoroughly.

Key Resources:

  • Texas CDL Handbook
  • Online practice tests
  • CDL education programs

Understanding the Skills Test Components

The CDL skills test in Texas includes three main parts: pre-trip inspection, basic control skills, and the road test. Demonstrate knowledge of the vehicle’s critical safety features during the pre-trip inspection by identifying and explaining the function of components. Perform basic control skills tasks like backing, parking, and maneuvering within a specified area. Show competence in handling the vehicle in various traffic situations during the road test, including lane changes, turns, and safe driving practices.

  • Pre-trip Inspection: Identify and explain vehicle components.
  • Basic Control Skills: Perform backing, parking, and maneuvering.
  • Road Test: Handle the vehicle in real traffic scenarios.

Key Considerations and Tips

Cost and Time Commitment

Getting a CDL in Texas involves both financial and time investments. The cost includes fees for the permit, which is $25, and the skills test, which varies but averages around $100. Additionally, you might need to pay for a CDL training program, which can range from $3,000 to $7,000 depending on the program length and institution.

Time commitment also matters. Most CDL training programs last between 6 and 12 weeks, with some part-time options extending up to 6 months. Ensure you factor in time for studying the Texas CDL Handbook and taking practice tests.

Renewal and Maintenance of CDL

Renewing your Texas CDL involves specific steps. Plan to renew every 5 years, with the renewal fee set at $97 as of this writing. You’ll need to pass a vision test and may need to provide updated medical certification if you have certain endorsements or restrictions.

Maintaining your CDL requires keeping your medical certificate up-to-date. Check its expiration date and renew as needed. Stay informed about any changes in state requirements, as non-compliance can lead to disqualification or fines.


Embarking on the journey to obtain your CDL in Texas is a significant step toward a rewarding career in truck driving. By meeting the eligibility requirements and investing time in thorough preparation, you’ll be well on your way to success. Remember to utilize all available resources, from the Texas CDL Handbook to online practice tests, to ensure you’re fully prepared for both the knowledge and skills tests.

Staying informed about the costs and time commitments involved will help you plan effectively. Once you have your CDL, maintaining it through regular renewals and keeping your medical certification up-to-date is crucial. With dedication and the right preparation, you’ll be ready to hit the road as a professional truck driver in Texas.

Obtaining a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) in Texas involves meeting specific requirements, including passing written and skills tests and providing necessary documentation. Understanding the process and preparing adequately can streamline your application, as outlined by the Texas Department of Public Safety. Additionally, enrolling in a certified training program can enhance your skills and improve your chances of success, according to Truck Driving Schools Info.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is required to obtain a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) in Texas?

To obtain a CDL in Texas, you must meet age and residency requirements, pass medical and knowledge tests, prepare using the Texas CDL Handbook and other resources, and pass the CDL skills test.

How can I prepare for the CDL exams?

Preparation can include studying the Texas CDL Handbook, taking online practice tests, and enrolling in a CDL training program to get hands-on experience.

What are the costs involved in getting a CDL in Texas?

Costs can vary but generally include permit fees, training program costs, and any additional fees for retaking tests. It’s important to budget for these expenses when planning to get your CDL.

How long does CDL training take?

The duration of CDL training programs can vary, typically ranging from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the program and your availability for studying and practice.

How often do I need to renew my Texas CDL?

You need to renew your Texas CDL every 5 years. Keep in mind that renewal requirements include vision tests and maintaining an up-to-date medical certification.

What happens if I don’t keep my medical certification up-to-date?

Failing to keep your medical certification up-to-date can lead to penalties or even disqualification from holding a CDL. It’s crucial to ensure all certifications are current to avoid any disruptions in your driving career.